Foot & Ankle Center in Seattle
» Foot Conditions
» Ankle & Shin→
  Ankle Exercises
  Ankle Sprain
  Ankle Sprain Home TX
  Unstable Ankle
  Shin Splints
» Arthritis & Gout→
  Arthritis Home TX
  Ankle Arthritis
  Rheumatoid Arthritis
» Back, hip→
  Back Hip
  Back Pain
» Ball of the foot→
  Ball of foot pain
  Surgery Alternatives
» Bunions & Big Toe→
  Bunion Second Opinions
  Bunion Surgery
  Achy Big Toe
  Big Toe Arthritis
  Numb Big Toe
  Turf Toe
  Turf Toe-Home TX
  Big Toe Joint Pain
  Tailor's Bunion
  Tailor's Bunion Home TX
» Flat feet→
  Flat feet
  Flat feet Self Tx
  Posterior Tibial Dysfunction
» Fracture / Injury→
  Navicular Fractures
  Stress Fractures
  Toe Fractures
» Hammertoes
» Heel spurs
» High Arched Feet
» Knee Pain→
  Knee - Obesity
  ● Knee - ITB
» Nail Fungus→
  Before/After Pictures
  Fungal Nails
  Fungal Nail Treatment
  Fungal Nail Home TX
  Groupon Coupons
  Laser FAQs
  Laser Financials
  Laser Fungus Therapy
  Laser Types
  Nail Fungus Lamisil
  Prevent Nail Fungus
  Topical Medications
  Video Index
  Video Canadian TV
  Video Cutera
  Video Sterishoe
  Video “The Doctors”
» Skin and Nails→
  Ingrown Toenails
  Cracked Heels
  Callus Big Toe
  Cutting Thick Nails
  Black Toenail
  Athlete's Foot
  Smelly & Sweaty Feet
  Safe Pedicures
» Tendonitis→
  Achilles tendonitis
  Achilles tend. Home TX
  Peroneal Tendonitis
  Peroneal Tend. Home TX
  Post. Tibial Dysfunction
» Top of Foot Pain
» Outside of Foot Pain
» Other Problems→
  Drop Foot
  Tarsal Tunnel
  Foot Cramps
  Numb Tingling
  Sore Feet
  Short Leg
  Prevent Falls
» Foot Products

Achilles Tendonitis Self Treatment

Achilles Self Care


Achilles tendonitis 

Click Here For Self Treatment Hints

What is the Achilles Tendon?
The Achilles tendon is the strongest and largest tendon in the body. It is a tendinous structure (attaches muscle to bone) that forms from a combination of the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles located in the calf. The tendon attaches to the heel bone (calcaneus) and causes the foot to push off (plantar flex) when the calf muscles tighten. The tendon is necessary for normal walking, running, and jumping. Athletic and traumatic injuries to the Achilles tendon are common and can be disabling.

What is this injury?
Tendinitis is inflammation of a tendon. Thus, Achilles tendinitis is an inflammation of the Achilles tendon. The inflammation may be localized to the end of the tendon closest to the heel or may spread upward to affect even the muscles of the calf. Swelling often occurs and pain is felt upon contraction of the calf muscles. In severe cases, pain may be felt even at rest.

Generally, Achilles tendinitis begins as a dull pain at the back of the lower leg just above the heel when pushing off the ground with the foot. Unless the activity is stopped, the condition rapidly gets worse until any activity requiring a push-off from the ground by the foot becomes quite painful and nearly impossible. If it is left untreated, it can develop into one of two more serious conditions — Achilles tendinosis and Insertional Calcific Tendinitis.  These are  degenerative change in the tendon and are very resistant to treatment. A normal Achilles tendon in solid in color and crescent shaped, Figure 1. Abnormal changes inside Achilles tendon called Achilles tendinosis, Figure 2. Abnormal tendon usually thick and not solid black in color. Will usually see white speckles in the tendon.

Normal Achilles Tendon
Figure 1: Normal Achilles - Tendon dark in color and crescent shaped.

Thickening of the Achilles Tendon Tendon Round & Thick
Figure 2: Achilles Tendinosis - Thickening of the Achilles tendon. Tendon round and thick.

How does the injury occur?
The majority of Achilles tendon injuries are due to overuse injuries.  Other factors that lead to Achilles tendonitis are improper shoe selection, inadequate stretching prior to engaging in athletics, a short Achilles tendon, direct trauma (injury) to the tendon, training errors and heel bone deformity.  

There is significant evidence that people with feet that role in excessively (over-pronate) are at greater risk for developing Achilles tendinitis. The increased pronation puts additional stress on the tendon, therefore, placing it at greater risk for injury. 

How does over-pronation cause Achilles Tendinitis?
During normal gait, the thigh bone (femur) and the major leg bone (tibia) rotate in unison as your foot goes through a normal rolling-in (pronation) and rolling-out (supination). 

However, when a person over-pronates, the tibia continues to rotate internally when the femur is rotating externally.  The resulting counter rotation of the femur and the tibia causes a shearing force to occur in the Achilles tendon.  This occurs because the Achilles tendon is made of two muscles—one of which (the Gastrocnemius) is attached to the femur while the other (the Soleus) is attached to the tibia. This shearing force twists the tendon at its weakest area, namely the Achilles tendon itself, and causes the inflammation.

Because the over-pronation puts such a great stress on the Achilles tendon, custom functional orthotics designed to control over-pronation are an important part of the treatment plan for this problem. 

The latest studies on Achilles tendonitis recommend a treatment plan that incorporates the following three components: 

  • Treatment of the inflammation
  • Strengthening of the muscles that make up the Achilles tendon using eccentric exercise
  • Biomechanical control (the use of orthotics and proper shoes). 

Achilles tendonitis should never be self-treated because of the potential for permanent damage to the tendon. While you are waiting to see your doctor, however, some patients have found relief from symptoms with the use of Silipos Achilles Heel Guard during the day and a Night Splint at night. A topical pain reliever like Orthogel Cold Therapy can provide temporary relief of pain. These items, including a couple of different types of night splints are available on the Achilles Tendonitis page at

Click Here For Self Treatment Hints

Achilles tendonitis only gets worse with time.  If you are experiencing symptoms call today for an evaluation in our convenient Seattle office.   

Appointment at our Seattle Office
Make Appointment

Bookmark and Share

For website errors ONLY email webmaster at WEBMASTER
All pages on this website © 2005-2013
Douglas Hale, DPM & Lawrence Huppin, DPM
Foot and Ankle Center of Washington, Seattle
The material provided on this web site is for informative purposes only.
If you need specific medical advice, please contact the office for an appointment.

Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape



Recommended Shoes List

To download our Shoe List, subcribe to our foot health newsletter.