A common big toe problem is a callus on the side of the big toe. This
can cause pain on the side of the big toe and even big toe numbness.
What Causes Calluses on the Big Toe?
A callus, pain or numbness of the big toe is caused by a jamming of the big toe joint during walking. This is called hallux limitus. When the big toe cannot move fully as you step forward, you are forced to roll off of the side of the toe. This pinches the skin and causes the callus. It can also irritate the nerve in the toe and cause numbness and pain.
What is the Most Effective Treatment of Big Toe Calluses?
Since a lack of motion of the big toe joint causes the big toe corn or callus, the best way to treat it is to use shoes and orthotics that enhance big toe motion. You want to use stable shoes (available on our shoe list). Custom orthotics can be prescribed specifically to give the big toe joint maximum motion in order to eliminate or reduce callus formation. For very best results and reduction of the callus, this requires a very specific orthotic called a “total contact orthotic”. Several studies have demonstrated that they can improve big toe motion. To be evaluated for orthotics to treat your big toe callus, make an appointment to see us in our Seattle foot and ankle clinic.
What are Home Treatments for Big Toe Callus?
Home treatments for calluses of the big toe are focused on improving motion of the big toe joint and getting rid of the callus. Because the same forces that cause big toe callus also cause bunions, you will use the same home treatments. A complete treatment plan for your big toe callus and numbness can be found here.
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Douglas Hale, DPM & Lawrence Huppin, DPM
Foot and Ankle Center of Washington, Seattle
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