If you think you may have a broken bone in your feet or ankles, call today to make an appointment in our Seattle office. Fractures (broken bones) are common injuries of the foot and ankle. Because our foot and ankle rarely get any real rest, it is important to have proper treatment of any foot fracture or ankle fracture as soon as possible.
There are many different types of broken foot bones and broken ankle bones.
Calcaneus Fracture (Broken heel bone)
The calcaneus is the heel bone. Heel bone fractures caused by daily activities are called calcaneal stress fractures, figure 1. Calcaneus fractures caused by trauma can be severe injuries and often lead to problems of chronic pain in the foot and traumatic arthritis, figure 2. Treatment of a broken heel bone depends on the severity of the fracture.
Talus Fractures (Broken Ankle Bone)
A talus/lower ankle joint bone fracture occurs when the main ankle bone breaks, figure 3. Talus fractures are very serious and often require surgery, Even with surgical treatment, patients can develop long term problems such as arthritis in the ankle or subtalar joint.
Broken Ankle – Ankle Fracture
Ankle fractures, figure 4, are common injuries and should be treated immediately to help prevent long term problems. Call us immediately if you think you many have fractured your ankle.
5th Metatarsal Shaft Fracture
If you twist and injure your foot you may break / fracture the shaft of the 5th metatarsal (long bone behind 5th toe). Sometimes called a Dancer’s fracture since it may occur while standing up on your toes. Treated with casting or surgery depending on severity of fracture.
5th Metatarsal Tuberosity Fracture
If you twist your ankle the tendon on the outside of your foot pulls and may fracture the base of the 5th metatarsal (long bone behind 5th toe). Tuberosity fractures can usually be treated with casting and only a short period of crutches. However, the Jones fracture (SEE BELOW) is 1.5 cm forward from the tuberosity fracture requires casting, crutches and possible surgery.
Metatarsal Stress Fracture
A metatarsal stress fracture, figure 5, is a common cause of pain on top of the foot, especially when people suddenly increase their activities. This type of injury is very common in soldier recruits and thus is also called a “march fracture.” Read more on metatarsal stress fractures.
Jones fractures, figure 6, are fractures of the fifth metatarsal bone of the foot. Patients who develop a Jones fracture have pain over this middle/outside area of their foot, swelling, and pain when walking. Because of poor blood supply to the area of the bone where this fracture occurs, it often does not heal well if not treated correctly.
Navicular Stress Fracture
A navicular stress fracture, figure 7, is an injury to the bone on the inside of the foot between the ankle bone and the midfoot. People who develop a stress fracture of the navicular often complain of a vague pain in the midfoot that hurts during activity. Treatment of a navicular stress fractures is usually involves immobilization in a cast or walking boot for several weeks. Orthotics are often used after healing to prevent return of the stress fracture.
This is both a fracture and a dislocation of the joints in the middle of the foot. This is a very serious injury that usually requires surgical repair. Without surgical repair nearly 100% of these injuries go on to cause severe arthritis of the midfoot, figure 8.
Contrary to popular belief, toe fractures, figure 9, should always be treated in order to prevent long-term problems. Detailed information on toe fractures is available here. Detailed information on toe fractures is available here.